This Month in the Garden: Garden Rose Care: Planting, Pruning & General Maintenance

This Month in the Garden: Garden Rose Care:  Planting, Pruning & Maintaining

Welcome to This Month in the Garden for the month of July! A common question I receive as a landscape designer is, “When and how do I prune my roses?” I also get inquiries on the best time to feed roses and how to properly water them. Here are some helpful tips.

Knock Out Rose Radrazz
PLANTING: The best time to plant roses is after the last frost date in early spring when they are dormant or just pushing out new growth. Plant in an area of full sun and dig a hole that is slightly wider than the root ball. Place the rose at ground level or slightly above to allow for proper drainage. Mix a handful of bone meal or super phosphate into the soil while back-filling around the plant and add a layer of mulch to protect the roots. Bare root roses should be planted when the daytime temperatures are between 40 and 60 degrees, while potted roses can be planted anytime between spring and fall.
Pink Carpet Rose
PRUNING: The best time to prune roses is after the last frost date in early spring when they are dormant or just pushing out new growth. Prune out any dead or broken branches to return strength back into the plant. If you are unsure about a branch being alive, gently scrape the bark until you view green underneath. If the layer underlying the bark is not green, the branch is no longer viable, and should be pruned. In the case of Knock Out Roses, Carpet Rose and Drift Rose, I prune my roses back regularly during the growing season to keep the plants full and compact. 
Rose Garden with Drift Rose
FEEDING: Feeding roses is important to retain their vitality and health. It is recommended to apply a slow release fertilizer that is high in phosphorus to promote blooms. There are products on the market that include a combination of a slow release fertilizer along with a systemic fungicide to prevent fungal disease, which roses are prone to.

Peach Drift Rose
WATERING: Roses do not fare well when their foliage is persistently wet. It is best to irrigate rose bushes with drip lines during early morning hours, allowing the water to go directly to the roots and not onto the foliage. Using this method will help to eliminate risk of fungal disease. Water newly planted roses every two to three days and established roses once or twice a week to keep the soil around them moist. Over-watering will cause the leaves of the plant to yellow, while under-watering would result in dry, crumbling foliage. 
This Month in the Garden

I hope you enjoyed This Month in the Garden for July. Be sure to stop by on the 1st. of each month for This Month in the Garden, as I share gardening tips, information and horticultural adventures! Linking with:  Floral FridaysMacro Monday 2Friday Photo JournalImage-in-ing Weekly Photo Link-Up and Dishing It & Digging It.


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~As Always…Happy Gardening! ~


Author: [email protected] Guide to Northeastern Gardening,© Copyright 2010-2019. All rights reserved.